He led the nation of Czechoslovakia out of Communism and after its dissoluation led the Czech Republic. He was previously a playright who was jailed and monitored by the Communist dictatorship of Czechoslovakia. This article from the NY Times offers an interest portrait. Although Americans elected a former Hollywood actor President 30 years ago, for some reason being a playright is an odd occupation for a politician. Still he played an important role in the end of the Cold War.